Psychiatry Vignette Sample Questions (Part C)

The following is a sample taken from the Board Vitals Psychiatry Vignette Question Bank. Note that on the real exam, students are not allowed to rewind the videos, or move backwards and forwards between the questions. This type of question represents the cases that are found on nearly half of the Psychiatry Boards.

Psychiatry Vignettes Case 1 Question 1

The most likely diagnosis is (Choose two):

A) Persistent Depressive Disorder, formerly known as Dysthymic Disorder
B) Borderline personality disorder
C) Major depression
D) Bipolar II disorder
E) Factitious disorder

A, Persistent Depressive Disorder (PDD, DSM-5), formerly known as Dysthymic Disorder, and C, Major depression;

The patient reports around 3 years of persistent low mood, with no episodes of feeling well in this time. It is possible that this represents a prolonged major depressive episode, however, the patient does describe a recent worsening of symptoms which could easily suggest a dysthymic pattern, and now with major depression in addition to this. The major depression diagnosis is much clearer here, since she endorses clear symptoms of depression, including somatic symptoms, excessive guilt, and thoughts of death. This last feature, and the clear worsening of symptoms, distinguishes it from just being dysthymia (PDD). The patient does not endorse characteristics of borderline personality disorder here. There are no reports of mania to suggest Bipolar disorder. There is also no evidence for this being factitious.

The DSM-V criteria (in brief) for PDD include:

1)Depressed mood for most of the day, on more days than not, for at least 2 years (in patients under 18 it can also be irritable mood and only needs to be 1 year)
2)Presence of 2 or more of: decreased appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, fatigue, poor self esteem, poor concentration, hopelessness, and difficulty making decisions
3)During this time period they have not been asymptomatic for more than 2 months at a time
4)They may meet major depressive disorder continuously for this time period
5)No manic, hypomanic, or cyclothymic criteria have been met
6)Not better explained by any psychotic disorder or a substance or other medical condition
7)Symptoms must cause significant distress or disturbance

Benjamin Sadock and Virginia Sadock. Kaplan & Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry. 11th edition. 2014. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.

Psychiatry Vignettes Case 1 Question 2

What additional diagnoses should be considered here? (pick two)

A) Borderline Personality Disorder
B) Alcohol use disorder
C) PTSD
D) Bipolar II disorder
E) Panic disorder

A, borderline personality; and C, PTSD.

In addition to depression/dysthymia, this patient is now also reporting long standing intense anger, multiple unstable relationships, and repeated gestures of suicide. This is consistent with possible borderline personality disorder (BPD). To meet criteria for BPD (in brief) she would need 5 (or more) of: frantic efforts to avoid abandonment (real or imagined), pattern of unstable relationships, identity disturbance, impulsivity, recurrent suicidal behaviors/threats, affective instability, feelings of emptiness, anger, or transient paranoia/dissociative symptoms.

Additionally, she reports trauma in the past that sometimes seems to recur. This is consistent with possible PTSD, pending further evaluation into her history and symptoms. Bipolar II is less likely here. Her report of “energy” is one of anger that changes within a day. This is far less consistent with a sustained hypomania over several days that would suggest bipolar disorder. The other disorders do not have good evidence to suggest them.

Benjamin Sadock and Virginia Sadock. Kaplan & Sadock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry. 11th edition. 2014. Lippincott, Williams, and Wilkins.

Psychiatry Vignettes Case 1 Question 3

What would be the most appropriate first next step in treating this patient? (pick one)

A) Begin therapy aimed at trauma
B) Empiric trial of medication aimed at depression
C) Discussion of other potential diagnoses not covered in this interview
D) Inquiring further about her thoughts of self-harm
E) Obtain collateral information from a loved one

D, inquiring further about thoughts of self-harm. The most immediate concern in this patient is that she had expressed thoughts of dying. It is not yet clear how serious this is, or if she has an active plan. Knowing this is an essential next step.

Simon, Robert (2006). “Suicide risk assessment: is clinical experience enough?”. Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law 34 (3): 276–8.

Psychiatry Vignettes Case 1 Question 4

Which of the following should be the most appropriate next step? (Choose two)

A) Inquire whether the her mother might be willing to take her to the emergency room for evaluation
B) Schedule a close follow up with a safety plan
C) Call an ambulance to take patient to the ED
D) Discuss safety plan with patient and mom, and have patient check in within the next day

A, have her mother taker her to the ED; or C, call an ambulance to take her to the ED.

The patient is making highly concerning statements about her safety. At this point, she is in need of hospitalization. In some cases patients can be taken voluntarily to the hospital. The doctor might be able to talk with the patient and her mother to arrange for her to be taken this way, although if the patient resists, she may have to be committed and sent by ambulance.

The Suicidal Patient: Clinical and Legal Standards of Care, Third Edition By Bruce Bongar, PhD, and Glenn R. Sullivan, PhD

Psychiatry Vignettes Case 1 Question 5

The patient resists attempts by her mother to take her to the ED for evaluation of suicidal thinking. The mother takes the doctor aside and asks what else the patient said during the interview. The appropriate response would be: (choose two)

A) Not share additional information unless the patient consents
B) Share only details deemed relevant to her possible admission to the hospital
C) Tell the mother that the patient is in grave danger and was expressing thoughts of self-harm
D) Ask the mother what concerns she has

A, not share information unless patient consents; D, ask the mother what concerns she has.

Even though the patient is quite ill, it is still not appropriate to share clinical information with a relative unless the patient consents to sharing this. It would also be appropriate to ask the mother what additional concerns she may have had.

https://depts.washington.edu/bioethx/topics/confiden.html

More Vignette Questions?

We offer over 50 additional Psychiatry Vignette Cases on boardvitals.com. On the exam, there are a mix of written cases and video cases (like the one shown above). Board Vitals Vignettes have both types, starting with the written Psychiatry Vignette Cases that are similar to Part C on the exam.

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